Comprehensive female hormone tests conducted through saliva and dried blood spot samples can provide valuable information about an individual's hormonal balance and overall health. These tests are designed to measure various hormones, such as estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, and cortisol, among others. Here are some potential benefits of undergoing a comprehensive female hormone test:
- Hormonal Balance Assessment: Hormone imbalances can lead to a range of symptoms and health issues in females, including irregular menstrual cycles, mood swings, fatigue, weight fluctuations, and fertility problems. A comprehensive hormone test can help identify any imbalances and provide insight into potential underlying causes.
- Personalized Treatment Approach: By assessing hormone levels, healthcare providers can develop personalized treatment plans tailored to each individual's unique hormonal needs. This may involve hormone replacement therapy, lifestyle adjustments, dietary changes, or supplements to restore balance and alleviate symptoms.
- Fertility Evaluation: Hormone tests can provide valuable information about a woman's reproductive health and fertility. By analyzing hormone levels associated with ovulation and the menstrual cycle, healthcare providers can identify potential issues affecting fertility and recommend appropriate interventions or treatments.
- Menopause Management: As women approach menopause, their hormone levels undergo significant changes. Comprehensive hormone testing can help determine the stage of menopause, assess hormone levels, and guide appropriate interventions to manage symptoms such as hot flashes, mood changes, and vaginal dryness.
- Monitoring Hormonal Health: Hormone levels can fluctuate throughout a woman's life due to factors like stress, aging, and lifestyle choices. Regular monitoring of hormone levels through comprehensive tests can provide insights into long-term trends and help individuals and healthcare providers make informed decisions about managing their health.
- Wellness Optimization: Hormones play a crucial role in overall well-being, including energy levels, sleep quality, cognitive function, and mood stability. Comprehensive hormone testing can identify imbalances or deficiencies that may be affecting an individual's overall health and quality of life. By addressing these issues, individuals can optimize their overall wellness.
- Test Result: You will receive your test result 3-5 working days after the laboratory receives your sample. You will see your hormone levels in graphics and numbers on your test results. You will also see laboratory comments by Hormone Specialist PhD Dr in the comments: you will find Dr analysis of your hormone levels and what to do next.
- Collect samples from the comfort of your home and post them to our lab.
- The test is suitable for both adults and children
- The test must be used within 12 months after the purchase date.
- The test kit includes a laboratory fee: no additional laboratory cost or tax.
- Customers are responsible for shipping their samples to the laboratory.
- Click the link to see Female Hormone Test Profile II Sample Test Result Report
Why Comprehensive Female Hormone Test Kit II?
When individuals experience symptoms related to hormone imbalance, it is often not a straightforward matter of one hormone level being abnormal or a single hormone system being affected. Hormones serve as chemical messengers that activate specific target tissues throughout the body, and they work together in a coordinated manner to maintain a state of equilibrium. A suitable analogy would be an orchestra, where various instruments play together harmoniously. If one instrument is out of tune, playing too loudly or softly (similar to an excess or deficiency of hormones), it disrupts the overall harmony.
Likewise, the adrenal, thyroid, and sex hormones function in harmony, and when any of the hormones within these systems becomes imbalanced, it affects the overall balance and harmony of the entire system. Therefore, it is crucial to assess multiple hormone systems simultaneously to gain a comprehensive understanding of the individual's hormone profile. By evaluating the interactions and interdependencies among various hormones, we can better identify the root causes of hormone-related symptoms and develop a targeted treatment plan to restore balance and well-being.
WHY ARE HORMONES TESTED IN OUR FEMALE HORMONE TEST KIT PROFILE?
Estradiol is the primary female sex hormone and is a subtype of estrogen. It plays a crucial role in the reproductive system and has various functions throughout a woman's life. Here are some of the duties of estradiol hormone and the symptoms associated with both high and low levels in women:
Duties of Estradiol Hormone:
- Puberty and Development: Estradiol promotes the development of secondary sexual characteristics during puberty, such as breast growth and widening of the hips.
- Menstrual Cycle: Estradiol helps regulate the menstrual cycle by promoting the growth of the uterine lining (endometrium) during the first half of the cycle.
- Fertility and Reproduction: Estradiol plays a vital role in follicle development, ovulation, and the preparation of the uterus for implantation of a fertilized egg.
- Bone Health: Estradiol helps maintain bone density and prevents bone loss, contributing to overall skeletal health.
- Mood and Well-being: Estradiol influences neurotransmitters and can impact mood, cognitive function, and overall sense of well-being.
Symptoms of High Estradiol Levels:
- Breast Tenderness: High estradiol levels may lead to increased breast sensitivity and tenderness.
- Irregular Menstrual Cycles: Excessive estradiol can cause menstrual irregularities, such as heavier or prolonged periods or skipped cycles.
- Mood Swings: Elevated levels of estradiol can contribute to mood swings, irritability, and emotional instability.
- Water Retention: High estradiol can lead to fluid retention and bloating.
- Headaches: Some women may experience more frequent or severe headaches with elevated estradiol levels.
- Weight Gain: Increased estradiol levels may be associated with weight gain, particularly in the hips and thighs.
Symptoms of Low Estradiol Levels:
- Hot Flashes and Night Sweats: Low estradiol levels can lead to vasomotor symptoms like hot flashes and night sweats.
- Vaginal Dryness: Reduced estradiol can result in vaginal dryness and discomfort during sexual intercourse.
- Mood Changes: Low levels of estradiol may contribute to mood swings, depression, and anxiety.
- Sleep Disturbances: Some women experience difficulty sleeping or insomnia when estradiol levels are low.
- Reduced Libido: Low estradiol can lead to a decrease in sexual desire and a decline in overall sexual satisfaction.
- Bone Loss: Insufficient estradiol levels can contribute to a higher risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures.
Progesterone is a vital hormone in the female reproductive system. Its primary duty is to prepare and maintain the uterus for pregnancy. Here are the key functions and roles of progesterone:
- Regulation of Menstrual Cycle: Progesterone is responsible for preparing the uterus for possible implantation of a fertilized egg during the menstrual cycle. It helps thicken the uterine lining (endometrium) to provide a suitable environment for embryo implantation.
- Maintenance of Pregnancy: If fertilization occurs, progesterone continues to be produced in higher amounts to support pregnancy. It helps sustain the uterine lining and prevents contractions that could lead to miscarriage. Progesterone also plays a role in the development of the placenta.
- Influence on Breast Tissue: Progesterone stimulates the growth and development of the milk-producing glands in the breasts during pregnancy.
- Mood Regulation: Progesterone can have an impact on mood and emotional well-being. It has a calming effect and may help reduce anxiety and promote a sense of relaxation.
Symptoms of High Progesterone Levels in Women:
- Breast Tenderness: High progesterone levels can cause increased sensitivity and tenderness in the breasts.
- Mood Changes: Some women may experience mood swings, irritability, or anxiety.
- Fatigue: High levels of progesterone can cause feelings of tiredness and fatigue.
- Bloating and Water Retention: Progesterone can contribute to fluid retention, leading to bloating and a sense of heaviness.
- Menstrual Irregularities: In some cases, high progesterone levels can disrupt the normal menstrual cycle, causing irregular periods or even missed periods.
Symptoms of Low Progesterone Levels in Women:
- Irregular Menstrual Cycles: Low progesterone can result in irregular or absent menstrual periods.
- Difficulty Getting Pregnant: Insufficient progesterone levels can make it challenging to conceive and maintain a pregnancy.
- Mood Disorders: Some women may experience mood swings, anxiety, or depression.
- Sleep Disturbances: Low progesterone can contribute to insomnia or disrupted sleep patterns.
- Changes in Libido: Decreased sex drive or changes in sexual desire can be associated with low progesterone levels.
Testosterone is commonly known as a male hormone, but it also plays a crucial role in women's health. In women, testosterone is produced in the ovaries and adrenal glands, albeit in smaller amounts compared to men. It serves several important functions in the female body.
Duties of Testosterone in Women:
- Sexual Health: Testosterone contributes to sexual desire (libido) and arousal in women. It helps maintain a healthy sex drive and is involved in the sensitivity of sexual tissues.
- Bone Health: Testosterone aids in the maintenance of bone density and strength. It helps prevent bone loss and decreases the risk of osteoporosis in women.
- Muscle Mass and Strength: Testosterone plays a role in promoting muscle development and strength. It assists in maintaining lean body mass and supports overall physical performance.
- Mood and Well-being: Testosterone can influence mood, energy levels, and general sense of well-being in women. Adequate testosterone levels are associated with improved mood and vitality.
Symptoms of High Testosterone in Women:
- Acne: Increased testosterone levels can contribute to the development of acne or exacerbate existing acne in women.
- Irregular Menstrual Periods: High testosterone can disrupt the normal menstrual cycle, leading to irregular periods or even the absence of menstruation (amenorrhea).
- Hirsutism: Excess facial and body hair growth, known as hirsutism, can occur due to elevated testosterone levels. This often involves hair growth in areas typically seen in males, such as the upper lip, chin, chest, and back.
- Deepened Voice: In some cases, high testosterone levels can cause the voice to deepen or become husky.
Symptoms of Low Testosterone in Women:
- Low Libido: Decreased testosterone levels can contribute to a diminished sex drive and reduced sexual desire in women.
- Fatigue and Reduced Energy: Low testosterone may lead to feelings of fatigue, low energy levels, and a general sense of decreased vitality.
- Mood Changes: Women with low testosterone levels may experience mood swings, irritability, or even depression.
- Loss of Muscle Mass: Insufficient testosterone can result in a loss of muscle tone and reduced strength.
Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S or DS) is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands. It plays several important roles in the body, particularly in women. Here are the duties of DHEA-S hormone and the symptoms associated with both high and low levels in women:
Duty of DHEA-S Hormone:
- Precursor to sex hormones: DHEA-S serves as a precursor to other hormones, including estrogen and testosterone. It is converted into these hormones in various tissues throughout the body, including the ovaries and adrenal glands.
- Supporting reproductive health: DHEA-S plays a role in maintaining the health and function of the reproductive system in women.
- Modulating mood and well-being: DHEA-S has been associated with mood regulation and overall sense of well-being.
- Supporting bone health: DHEA-S contributes to the maintenance of healthy bone density in women.
- Influencing energy levels: DHEA-S may impact energy levels and overall vitality in women.
High DHEA-S Symptoms in Women:
- Excess hair growth: High levels of DHEA-S can lead to hirsutism, which is the growth of unwanted facial and body hair in a male pattern.
- Acne: Elevated DHEA-S levels may contribute to acne breakouts in women.
- Irregular menstrual cycles: Women with high DHEA-S levels may experience irregular or disrupted menstrual cycles.
- Mood swings: Some women with high DHEA-S may experience mood swings, irritability, or anxiety.
- Deepening voice: In rare cases, increased DHEA-S can cause a deepening of the voice in women.
Low DHEA-S Symptoms in Women:
- Fatigue and low energy levels: Low DHEA-S levels may contribute to feelings of fatigue and reduced energy.
- Decreased libido: Women with low DHEA-S levels may experience a decrease in sex drive.
- Depression and mood disturbances: Low DHEA-S has been associated with symptoms of depression and mood disorders.
- Poor immune function: DHEA-S plays a role in supporting immune function, so low levels may lead to increased susceptibility to infections.
- Reduced bone density: Low DHEA-S levels may contribute to decreased bone density and increased risk of osteoporosis.
The cortisol hormone plays a vital role in the body's response to stress and helps regulate various physiological processes. Here are the duties of cortisol hormone and the symptoms associated with high and low cortisol levels in women:
Duties of Cortisol Hormone:
- Stress Response: Cortisol is often referred to as the "stress hormone" because it helps the body respond to stressors. It plays a role in the fight-or-flight response, helping to mobilize energy and increase alertness in times of stress.
- Regulation of Metabolism: Cortisol is involved in regulating glucose metabolism, assisting in the breakdown of stored glycogen into glucose to provide the body with a quick source of energy.
- Immune System Function: Cortisol influences immune system responses and helps regulate inflammation in the body. It plays a role in suppressing the immune system to prevent excessive immune responses.
Symptoms of High Cortisol Levels (Cushing's Syndrome):
- Weight Gain: Increased cortisol levels can lead to weight gain, particularly around the abdomen and face, while the limbs may remain thin.
- Increased Blood Pressure: High cortisol levels can contribute to hypertension (high blood pressure) due to its effect on blood vessel constriction.
- Muscle Weakness: Cortisol excess can cause muscle wasting and weakness, making it more challenging to perform physical activities.
- Mood Changes: Individuals with high cortisol levels may experience anxiety, irritability, and even depression.
- Irregular Menstrual Cycle: Women may experience irregular or absent menstrual periods due to disruptions in the hormonal balance.
Symptoms of Low Cortisol Levels (Adrenal Insufficiency):
- Fatigue and Weakness: Low cortisol levels can cause chronic fatigue, weakness, and a general feeling of lethargy.
- Low Blood Pressure: Reduced cortisol levels can lead to low blood pressure, causing dizziness or lightheadedness.
- Weight Loss and Decreased Appetite: Some individuals with low cortisol levels may experience unintentional weight loss and a decreased appetite.
- Hypoglycemia: Insufficient cortisol can result in low blood sugar levels, leading to symptoms such as shakiness, dizziness, and confusion.
- Salt Cravings: Adrenal insufficiency can cause an imbalance in electrolytes, leading to cravings for salty foods.
The Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) is produced by the pituitary gland and plays a crucial role in regulating the function of the thyroid gland. TSH acts on the thyroid gland, stimulating it to produce and release thyroid hormones, primarily thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These thyroid hormones are essential for maintaining metabolism, energy production, growth, and development throughout the body.
When TSH levels are too high, it typically indicates an underactive thyroid or hypothyroidism. In this condition, the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones.
Symptoms of high TSH or hypothyroidism in women may include:
- Fatigue and low energy levels
- Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
- Sensitivity to cold
- Dry skin and brittle hair
- Depression or mood swings
- Muscle weakness or stiffness
- Menstrual irregularities or heavy periods
On the other hand, low TSH levels usually suggest an overactive thyroid or hyperthyroidism. In this condition, the thyroid gland produces excessive amounts of thyroid hormones.
Symptoms of low TSH or hyperthyroidism in women may include:
- Increased heart rate or palpitations
- Anxiety or nervousness
- Weight loss or difficulty gaining weight
- Heat intolerance or excessive sweating
- Tremors or shaky hands
- Changes in menstrual patterns, such as lighter or irregular periods
- Fatigue or muscle weakness
- Changes in bowel habits, such as frequent bowel movements
The primary duty of Free Triiodothyronine (fT3) hormone, which is the active form of thyroid hormone, is to regulate metabolism and energy production in the body. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the overall function of various organs and tissues.
When the levels of Free Triiodothyronine (fT3) hormone are high, it is known as hyperthyroidism.
Some common symptoms of high fT3 hormone levels in women may include:
- Weight loss: Unexplained and rapid weight loss despite a normal or increased appetite.
- Increased heart rate: Palpitations, rapid or irregular heartbeat.
- Anxiety and nervousness: Restlessness, irritability, and heightened anxiety levels.
- Heat intolerance: Feeling excessively hot and sweating more than usual.
- Fatigue: Despite high energy levels, feeling tired and exhausted.
- Muscle weakness: Weakness, especially in the upper arms and thighs.
- Tremors: Hand tremors or trembling of the limbs.
- Changes in menstrual cycle: Irregular periods or lighter flow.
- Changes in bowel movements: Frequent bowel movements or diarrhea.
- Changes in mood: Mood swings, irritability, and emotional instability.
Conversely, when the levels of Free Triiodothyronine (fT3) hormone are low, it is known as hypothyroidism.
Some common symptoms of low fT3 hormone levels in women may include:
- Fatigue and sluggishness: Feeling tired and lacking energy.
- Weight gain: Unexplained weight gain or difficulty losing weight.
- Cold intolerance: Feeling excessively cold, even in warm environments.
- Dry skin and hair: Dry, rough skin and brittle hair.
- Constipation: Difficulty passing stools and infrequent bowel movements.
- Depression: Feeling down, low mood, and decreased interest in activities.
- Memory and cognitive issues: Poor concentration, forgetfulness, and mental fog.
- Muscle weakness: Weakness and aching muscles.
- Changes in menstrual cycle: Heavier or more prolonged periods.
- Swelling: Puffiness in the face, hands, and feet due to fluid retention.
Free Thyroxine (fT4) is an important hormone produced by the thyroid gland. It plays a crucial role in regulating metabolism and energy production in the body. The duty of free thyroxine is to circulate in the bloodstream and bind to target cells, where it helps control the rate at which cells convert oxygen and calories into energy.
When the levels of free thyroxine are too high or too low, it can lead to various symptoms and health issues. Here are the symptoms associated with both high and low levels of free thyroxine in women:
High Free Thyroxine (fT4) Hormone (Hyperthyroidism):
- Weight loss: Unexplained and rapid weight loss despite an increased appetite.
- Increased heart rate: Palpitations, rapid heartbeat, or irregular heart rhythm.
- Heat intolerance: Feeling excessively warm, excessive sweating, and discomfort in warm environments.
- Nervousness and irritability: Feeling anxious, restless, or having difficulty concentrating.
- Insomnia: Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep.
- Muscle weakness: Weakness, especially in the upper arms and thighs.
- Fatigue: Feeling tired and exhausted despite adequate rest.
- Menstrual irregularities: Changes in the menstrual cycle, including lighter or missed periods.
- Changes in bowel movements: Frequent bowel movements or diarrhea.
- Excessive thirst and increased urination.
Low Free Thyroxine (fT4) Hormone (Hypothyroidism):
- Fatigue and sluggishness: Feeling tired, lacking energy, and experiencing overall weakness.
- Weight gain: Unexplained weight gain or difficulty losing weight despite maintaining a healthy diet.
- Cold intolerance: Feeling excessively cold, especially in the hands and feet.
- Dry skin and hair: Dryness, itchiness, and hair loss.
- Mood changes: Depression, irritability, and difficulty concentrating.
- Constipation: Infrequent bowel movements and difficulty passing stool.
- Muscle aches and stiffness: Generalized muscle pain and stiffness.
- Menstrual irregularities: Heavier or more prolonged menstrual periods.
- Memory problems: Difficulty with memory and mental clarity.
- Swelling: Puffiness and swelling, particularly in the face, hands, and feet.
Thyroid Peroxidase Antibody (TPO) is not a hormone itself, but rather an antibody produced by the immune system that targets the thyroid peroxidase enzyme. Thyroid peroxidase is an important enzyme involved in the production of thyroid hormones.
In a healthy individual, TPO antibodies are usually not present or present in very low levels. However, in certain autoimmune conditions, such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis and Graves' disease, the immune system mistakenly targets the thyroid gland, leading to the production of TPO antibodies. These antibodies can cause inflammation and damage to the thyroid gland, affecting its ability to produce thyroid hormones.
Symptoms of high TPO antibody levels or autoimmune thyroid disorders (Hashimoto's thyroiditis or Graves' disease) can vary depending on the specific condition and whether the thyroid hormone levels are affected. Here are some general symptoms associated with these conditions:
- Hashimoto's thyroiditis (high TPO antibodies, low thyroid hormone levels):
- Fatigue and sluggishness
- Weight gain
- Cold intolerance
- Dry skin
- Hair loss
- Memory problems
- Muscle aches and stiffness
- Elevated cholesterol levels
- Graves' disease (high TPO antibodies, high thyroid hormone levels):
- Hyperactivity and restlessness
- Weight loss (despite increased appetite)
- Heat intolerance
- Excessive sweating
- Rapid heartbeat or palpitations
- Anxiety and irritability
- Increased frequency of bowel movements
- Enlargement of the thyroid gland (goiter)
- Bulging of the eyes (in some cases)
The primary role of Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) hormone in women is to bind and transport sex hormones, such as estrogen and testosterone, in the bloodstream. SHBG helps regulate the availability and distribution of these hormones throughout the body.
When SHBG levels are high in women, it can lead to symptoms associated with hormone deficiency or imbalance. Some common symptoms of high SHBG levels include:
- Low libido: High SHBG levels can decrease the availability of free testosterone, which is important for sexual desire.
- Irregular or absent menstrual periods: SHBG can bind to estrogen, reducing its bioavailability and potentially affecting menstrual cycle regularity.
- Fatigue and low energy levels: Hormonal imbalances caused by high SHBG may contribute to feelings of tiredness and lack of energy.
- Mood changes: Fluctuations in sex hormone levels due to high SHBG can impact mood and lead to mood swings, irritability, or depression.
Conversely, low levels of SHBG in women can also have implications for hormone balance. Some symptoms associated with low SHBG levels include:
- Increased androgen effects: Low SHBG levels can result in elevated levels of free testosterone, leading to symptoms like acne, excess facial or body hair (hirsutism), and male-pattern hair loss.
- Irregular menstrual cycles: Insufficient SHBG can affect estrogen levels, potentially causing menstrual irregularities or amenorrhea (absence of menstruation).
- Weight gain: Hormonal imbalances related to low SHBG levels may contribute to weight gain, particularly in the abdominal area.
It's important to note that symptoms can vary from person to person, and some individuals may experience a combination of symptoms or different symptoms altogether.
Comprehensive female hormone tests conducted through saliva and dried blood spot samples offer numerous advantages to individuals. These tests provide a thorough evaluation of hormone levels, including critical hormones like estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, and others that play pivotal roles in women's health. By conducting a comprehensive analysis, these tests enable early detection and ongoing monitoring of hormonal imbalances, aiding in the identification of underlying factors contributing to reproductive, menstrual, or menopausal concerns. Moreover, the convenience and non-invasiveness of saliva and dried blood spot tests allow individuals to easily collect samples from the comfort of their homes. This accessibility and simplicity make these tests ideal for regular monitoring of hormone levels and optimizing treatment plans. Furthermore, the comprehensive insights obtained from these tests empower individuals to take proactive measures towards balancing their hormones, resulting in improved overall well-being and enhanced quality of life.